How critical reflection triggers transformative learning jack mezirow to make meaning means to make sense of an experience, we make an interpretation of it. Routledge 2009 abstract this article has no associated abstract. A psychoanalytic viewof transformative learning is seen as a process of individuation, a lifelong journey of coming to understand oneself through reflecting on the. Mezirows theory of transformative learning and lonergans. The ubiquitous acceptance of mezirows psychocritical view of transforma tive learning theory has often led. Since its beginnings in the late 1970s with mezirow s 1978 publication of a pioneer study of women returning to community college, the field of transformative learning has grown considerably, inspiring a large body of research and scholarly debate. This chapter outlines mezirow s theory of transformative. In transformative learning in practice, leading authorities and practitioners working in a variety of national and international settings, including college classrooms, corporate workshops, online, and informal groups in rural communities, offer insights and a wealth.
Specifically jack mezirow s 1991 theory of perspective transformation and robert boyds 1989 theory of transformative learning provided the lens through which the data was assessed. Jack mezirow, long considered the first major proponent of the field, defined transformative learning this way. Pdf transformative learning theory and its application in higher. In response to these changes, a new paradigm of transformative leadership has emerged. Transformative learning tl results in substantive change in both thinking and behavior mezirow, 1991.
Thus, in a broad sense, learning involves the development of repeatable strategies which are habitually acted. Transformative learning is learning to purposively question ones own assumptions, beliefs, feelings, and perspectives in order to grow or mature personally and intellectually herod, 2002. Transformative learning theory peter howie professor. Transformation is a change in the way a person views a problem kitchenham, 2008 andor how a person thinks, feels, and behaves christie. Since first introduced by jack mezirow in 1978, the concept of transformative learning. Transformational learning reminds me of how a good movie should be laid out. Taylor 1998 suggests that the process of transformation occurs according to the following phases, as suggested by mezirow. Transformative learning develops autonomous thinking mezirow 1997, p. What is learned has a direct correlation to the trama that is experienced.
Transformative learning theory mezirow learning theories. The starting place for understanding and fostering transformative learning, as well as diving deeper, the volume distinguishes transformative learning from. Pdf the evolution of john mezirows transformative learning. Pdf mezirow and the theory of transformative learning. Alternative conceptions of transformative learning. These thinkers had already developed some issues and. Ed423426 19980000 transformative learning in adulthood. Fostering critical reflection in adulthood a guide. Putting transformative learning theory into practice eric us. Pdf how critical reflection triggers transformative. Mezirow s theory of transformative learning and lonergans method in theology. Mezirow developed transformative learning theory from his seminal study in 1975 mezirow, 1978. Alternative conceptions of transformative learning the ubiquitous acceptance of mezirow s psychocritical view of transformative learning theory has often led to an uncontested assumption that there is a singular conception of. Transformative learning jack mezirow the transformational learning theory originally developed by jack mezirow is described as being constructivist, an orientation which holds that the way learners interpret and reinterpret their sense experience is, central to making meaning and hence learning mezirow, 1991.
However, this definition belies the fact that this type of learning is complex and multifaceted. Transformative learning and transformative politics. Ppt transformative learning powerpoint presentation. Theory to practice mezirow 1997 new directions for adult and continuing education. A guide to transformative and emancipatory learning, authorjack mezirow, year1990 jack mezirow published 1990 psychology, political science precipitating critical selfreflection. Transformative learning is a theory of adult learning that utilizes disorienting dilemmas to challenge students thinking. Mezirow came to define tl as learning that transforms problematic frames of referencesets of. This years iteration will feature a special session to honor mezirow and the inaugural presentation of the jack mezirow living theory of transformative learning award, inspired by its namesakes efforts to engage the field of adult education in thinking theoretically about adult learning through both research and practice. Technological progress occurs at an everincreasing rate, changing not only the speed of business, but the very nature of how business is conducted.
Adults have acquired a coherent body of experienceassociations, concepts, values, feelings, con. Transformative learning is learning that transforms problematic frames of referencesets of fixed assumptions and expectations habits of mind, meaning perspectives, mindsetsto make them more inclusive, discriminating, open. But unlike in simple learning, in transformative learning the learners integration of that new learning causes the epistemological sys tem that it joins to change its fundamental form or function. Students are then encouraged to use critical thinking and questioning to consider if their underlying assumptions and beliefs about the world are accurate. Understanding transformation theory jack mezirow, 1994. Transformative learning in the higher education context 4. Transformative learning is a route to the development of critical thinking. Transformative learning in transformative learning, as in simple learning, something new is learned.
Mezirows theory of transformative learning has always relied on the work of jurgen habermas in order to give it a sound theoretical base. Jack mezirow was one of the major theorists of the humanism theory of transformative learning. It exemplifies how mezirows theory can be put into practice in adult and higher education via three case studies undertaken by the authors in different places, at. Theory to practice mezirow 1997 new directions for adult and continuing education wiley online library. New experiences open the door to learning and greater selfunderstanding and, in the process, transform students personal paradigm mezirow, 1991. Emanating from the work of jack mezirow, who takes a cognitive rational approach building on constructivist assumptions, it explores how adult.
Since first introduced by jack mezirow in 1978, the concept of transformative learning has been a topic of research and theory building in the field of adult education taylor 1998. Transformative learning, as a theory, says that the process of perspective transformation has three dimensions. This theory operates under the idea that learning is more than merely the acquisition of information. Transformative learning theory abstract this article presents a critique of both transformative learning theory and critical comments on it to date. The term transformative learning commonly known as tl is an approach to adult learning and education that is embedded within the behavioural sciences, a collective term for a number of disciplines that focus on the study of human behaviour. Mezirows transformative learning theory is noteworthy to the extent that. Transformative learning develops autonomous thinking. Learning theories summaries on the website as an electronic book, conveniently organized into one pdf file that you can. Welcome,you are looking at books for reading, the transformative learning and identity, you will able to read or download in pdf or epub books and notice some of author may have lock the live reading for some of country. The concepts of content, process, and premise reflection have often been cited, and operationalizing mezirow s highlevel transformative learning theory and its components has been the endeavor of adult education and human resource. Transformational, or transformative, learning is an adult learning theory purported by mezirow in the late 1970s and revised over 30 years. In fact, mezirow s theory of transformative learning drew on the ideas and approaches put forward by freire, kuhn, and habermas. Mezirow discovered that transformation occurred when an individual explored and evaluated frames of.
Application of mezirows transformative learning theory. Mezirow s transformative learning theory provides an understanding the nature of adult learning. Central to the theory is the argument that adults experience a catalyst that causes them to question their worldview, the disorienting dilemma, which leads to a fundamental change in the way that they view the world. The six action steps of tl mezirow, 1991, describe the process. This chapter outlines mezirow s theory of transformative learning attending to its reliance on critical. Mezirow emphasizes that learning in childhood is a formative, socializing, and acculturating process, but adult eduction can be transformative and move the individual toward a more inclusive, differentiated, permeable open to other points of view, and. Rather, transformative learning is process where learners critically reflect on. When we subsequently use this interpretation to guide decisionmaking or action, then making meaning becomes learning. However, this definition belies the fact that this type of learning is complex and multifaceted kitchenham,2008. Transformative learning is the expansion of consciousness through the transformation of world views and the specific capacities of the self. This chapter outlines mezirows theory of transformative learning. Understanding transformation theory show all authors. Jack mezirow s conceptualisation transformative learning is a deep structural shift in basic premises of thought, feelings, and actions n. Finally, the educators role and the need for vision in pmdigm shift.
Jack mezirow on transformative learning springerlink. Jack mezirow, who transformed the field of adult learning. Cranton, 1994, 1996 is the process of effecting change in a frame of reference. Distance education learning theory although transform ative learning involves critical reflection of assumptions that may occur either in group interaction or independently, to test the validity of a transformed frame of reference in communicative learning requires criticaldialectical discourse. Musings and reflections on the meaning, context, and. Jack mezirow, theory looks at transformational learning as a self process. Pdf mezirows theory of transformative learning has always relied on the work of jurgen habermas in order to give it a sound theoretical base. Jack mezirows conceptualisation of adult transformative learning. It argues that transformative learning theory remains substantively the same as its initial exposition, in spite of a raft of problematic contentions voiced against it. Transformative learning is becoming influential in all areas of the educational landscape. Jack mezirow, an overview on transformative learning. Mezirows theory of transformative learning has always relied on the work of jurgen habermas in order. Principally about yourself rather than an external subject.1055 615 1080 871 580 347 704 680 1331 1486 1022 957 361 904 213 1125 957 727 223 537 781 874 1055 513 931 1326 845 331 831 362 1090 5 1409 1359 230 1195 104 435